E-bike test 2017: comparison
the best E-bikes in the test the demand for E-bikes is steadily increasing. Whether for a long tour in the mountains, or the daily commute to work – more and more cyclists interested in electric-powered bicycles. It can be said even of a boom: 2014 480,000 E-bikes were sold in Germany. With the E-bike, you quickly reach your destination. Headwind and mountains are no obstacles long ago. You quickly reach a higher speed and need no additional force to spend. Due to the low load you will less sweat. Around a million people in Germany are currently using an E-bike — that’s a market share of about 11 percent. The purchase is yet to you, ask yourself guaranteed following questions: which type fits to my application? How much money will I need to invest? There are special rules for riding an E-bike? Read the Guide and get answers to all the questions. The Advisor to the E-bike test 2017 introduces the different types of E-bikes, functions and properties that you should take into account at the time of purchase.
The best E-bikes at a glance
Introducing the E-bike test the E-bike and how it works
In Germany, the terms of Pedelec and E-bike electric bicycle are used interchangeably. There are however legal differences between E-bikes and Pedelecs, the information in this article. The term „ E-bike “ is also used as a generic term. E-bikes are powered by electric power or the performance of the driver assisted by the motor. Electric bicycles are next to the electric motor, a traction battery, a controller for the motor as well as a sensor for the detection of ball movement. Table of contents:
- the best E-bikes at a glance
- introducing the E-bike test the E-bike and how it works
- what is the difference between E-bike and Pedelec?
- The E-bike test 2017: the different types of
- The different engines in the electric bike test
the E-bike test 2017 electric bikes should a good quality present, since they are often used for long distances. Well functioning brakes are the be-all and end-all, as you are traveling at high speeds. E-bikes are exposed to heavy loads due to frequent accelerating and braking. Therefore suitable not every wheel for the electric power system. As a result, E-bikes need higher quality material and should be stable constructed. While a normal bicycle 6 to 12 km/h, you are on the road with an E-bike with 15 to 25 km/h. It weighs about 20 kg. The maximum speed of E-bikes is 25 km/h with up to 250 Watts. When ordinary Pedelecs, the add-on drive at 25 km/h switches off automatically. E-bikes must meet the legal regulations for bicycles. There is a driver’s license, insurance, license plate — nor helmet. You get 2017, on one of the E-bikes from the test it is recommended to wear a helmet. Electric bicycles are used for the following areas:
- private use (for untrained or older people, for cyclists who travel large distances with the wheel would in a short time)
- tourist use (E-bikes for rental E.g. on holiday and health resorts)
- professional use (police, postal worker, etc.)
In the most E-bikes a display is mounted on the handlebars, on the you & a. Refer to their speed and the battery or battery power. In addition, you can attach a bicycle Navi, on which you can plan your route. Higher is the likelihood of an accident with an electric bike? Statistics say that the probability is four times higher, with an E-bike to the life to come, as with conventional wheels. Reason for that are the higher average speeds. However it not more often comes to dangerous situations with the electric motor at the wheel. A cause of the accident is partly the sudden braking at high speeds. Generally, everyone should drive carefully to avoid accidents.
What is the difference between E-bike and Pedelec?
Pedelec stands for «Pedal Electric Cycle». The term «E-bike», however, includes all types of electric bikes. Especially Pedelecs are very popular, as they keep fit and fun at the same time also untrained cyclists. At Pedelces, the motor works only if the r ahrer occurs. Pedelecs are not motor vehicles. Their support of the motor switches off when no later than 25 km/h. According to the road traffic Act (StVO) Pedelecs are bicycles and therefore apply to them the same rules of cycle use. Fast S-Pedelecs are linked to other provisions and up to 45 km/h. The Pedelec is a wheel legally. There is neither licence nor helmet for a Pedelec. Without additional power output, Pedelecs drive 6 km/h. There is no helmet for riding an E-bike, however, the Chief Advisor to the E-bike test recommends wearing a helmet. Through the high speeds, it’s even harder to overlook all events on the road continuously. Cyclists in the pedal, connect the motor works hardly. You can decide how much of the engine supports your performance. Depending, you can vary the support performance. Often, even more than 50 percent support from the motor are possible. For E-bikes, motor support your power output is independent. Without own pedal effort could accelerate by using gas. The wheel without performance driving 20 km/h, need for a moped certificate or a driver’s license have.
The test of E-bikes: benefits
- Also with headwind and climbs you can travel long distances with little effort.
- You won’t tire and not come in sweating.
- Comparatively few gases are ejected.
- electric bicycles are relatively heavy (about 25 kilograms).
- The cost is very high.
- With luggage on the bike, the frame can swing up, so that handlebar and frame back and forth schlackern. At high speed, the probability is higher.
A Pedelec drives maximum 25 km/h and one of the bikes. The bike runs faster, is a motor vehicle which is subject to other regulations. The ADAC recommends using E-bikes only from the age of 15.
The E-bike test 2017: the different types of
E-bikes in the test: the same traffic rules as for conventional wheels apply for E-bikes. Under the electric bikes, there are E mountain bikes, trekking-E-bikes, E-city bikes or even E folding bikes. The dealers, but also discount stores offer a variety of different models. E bike or E-city bike whether you in different types of functions, in varying degrees of quality, and for varying prices.
The E-city bike in the test
The most commonly produced E-bikes are E-Citibikes. They are good for everyday use, for commuting or shopping. Exhibit a deep introduction as well as a comfortable handlebar position. The city Pedelec is a very popular model and offers a pleasant driving comfort. It is often equipped with a suspension fork and a suspension Seatpost. Usually, the city Pedelc is powered with a mid-engine, which is integrated into the bottom bracket. These bikes weigh between 25 and 30 kilograms.
The E-bike as a mountain bike in the test
E-mountain-bikes are used, but also in bike parks, especially in mountainous regions. Mountain bikers can waive the otherwise mandatory lift by the electric motor. Also on forest and dirt roads, the E bikes are practical. For E bikes, usage found early rear engines, there are now also many types of mid-engined. This ensures a balanced weight distribution. E bikes are more expensive than E-bikes for the city in normal circumstances. They cost 3,000 to 4,000 euros.
You can reach 500 watt of powered S-Pedelecs up to 45 km/h. They belong with the high speed no longer the bikes, but cars. Thus, some laws go hand in hand. There is a licence obligation, license plate, or compulsory insurance and helmet. With your S Pedelec you may not drive on paths and also driving routes with the round signs is prohibited. You need a flag, and must wear a helmet. Out of town it is again allowed to ride with the Pedelec on cycle paths. However, it is forbidden to drive with a bike trailer. S-Pedelecs drive without additional power output up to 20 km / h.
the different engines in the electric bike test
the electric bike test: you reach high speeds with the electric bike – no obstacles are more headwinds and mountains. The power of E-bikes may up to 500 Watts was n. This is the case when a S Pedelec. All other electric bikes are typically 250 Watts. During braking, the motor switches off automatically. The seat of the motor determines the handling characteristics. There are:
- Central Motors
- front engine
- stern drive engines
means engines provide a central focal point. The central focus is essential especially for mountain bikes. When a flat tire with a central motor wheel, the repair is relatively straightforward. Stern drive engines go offer advantages for upgrades, quietness and directional stability. However only derailleurs and no hubs can be used with rear engines. A disadvantage is that wheels with rear mounted engines with luggage in the rear flap. Inexperienced riders can fall quickly in the case. Stern drive engines offer a good grip and a coaster brake, can not be used with Central Motors. All current circuits and resignation can be combined with front wheel hub motors. You are driving dynamics but controversial because easier spinning the front wheel in corners and on slippery roads. The additional weight on the handlebars can also complicate driving. Front engines may cause due to the weight of the actuator, the wheel can be bad control. The motor is located in the front or rear, the Pedelec directly over the hub is powered. Hub motors without gear and are therefore very quiet. They can however overheat at higher load. Hub Motors also hinder a rear suspension on the bike. The actuator in the rear hub is very common and found in city and tours-Pedelecs application. The weight distribution can be problematic in this engine. So good seven to ten kilos on the rear tires can charge solely by the battery. If you carry luggage, attach it usually also on the carrier so that high charges and the driving dynamics suffers. What an E-bike comparison winner should present 2017: an E-bike comparison winner has a thick and sturdy handlebar. The brakes are well-coordinated, hydraulic brakes. In addition, the winner of comparison is not so hard and consists of aluminium or carbon.
The electric bike batteries
Lithium-ion batteries are used in the most E-bikes. The battery is located mostly on the luggage carrier, on the saddle tube or on the front wheel hub. the E-bikes comparison winner consists of robust material, as well as a high-quality brakes. Batteries keep about 60 to 100 kilometres. Take a spare battery on long routes to safety. Store the battery at room temperature if possible. Otherwise, the life time of the batteries is reduced.
What you still should — when buying it shows the test via the E-bike
Make sure that the bike has a frame and a braking system, corresponding to the loads. Still, the lighting on the bicycle must meet the legal requirements. Also, consider the weight. A good electric bicycle must be not too heavy so you can wear it under circumstances too short sections. Good E-bikes are also powerful batteries.
How much is E-bikes?
The E-bikes in the test are expensive compared to bicycles without motor drive. There are cheap E-bikes from 600 euros, more expensive cost up to 2,500 euros. You spend more money on an E-bike, the better the quality generally is. Additional cost to the regular replacement of the battery. Also apply electricity costs by 0.20 to 0.40 euro per 100 km. At discount stores, you will find electric bikes from 600 euros. The manufacturers have on high-quality materials in the case. Tests found that the Germans safe wheels are very important so that many high-quality E-bikes rely. When a such high bicycle on a good bike lock to protect it from thieves. E-bikes in the test: always make a test drive before buying to get a feel for driving. Driving test, test different types of cycling. Try how the brakes work, whether the circuit works smoothly and how hard is the wheel. Also inquire about warranty periods and spare batteries. During the test drive, you can bring in experience, whether the wheel at higher speeds begin to flutter. Familiarize yourself with the higher weight of the wheel, as well as with the more powerful brakes.
Find the right size
At the same size as normal bikes, the same guidelines for electrical bikes. Most cyclists buy E-bikes with a wheel size of 28 inches. 26 inch off offer for small people.